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ERIC Number: EJ902576
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1053-4512
Effective Schoolwide Screening to Identify Students at Risk for Social and Behavioral Problems
Walker, Bridget A.
Intervention in School and Clinic, v46 n2 p104-110 Nov 2010
Many schools are developing a continuum of services and supports for students who may be struggling in school, whether through a response to intervention (RTI) model or a schoolwide positive behavior supports (SWPBS) model. Study results suggest that schools will not be effective if they focus solely on identifying and responding to student concerns in one area only, whether it is academic or social/behavioral. Instead, schools must recognize that student success in school is based on the interaction of all factors. In this context, the use of a proactive, systematic process for identifying student need across both academic and social/behavioral areas allows schools to provide needed support and skill development across these areas before a student develops a more serious or prolonged problem that requires more intensive and formalized supports. Proactive screening for students with or at risk for developing social and behavioral problems can be both effective and efficient. B. Walker, Cheney, Stage, and Blum (2005) found that a systematic screening process to identify students with social or behavioral problems assisted elementary schools involved in an SWPBS initiative in making crucial decisions regarding the use of limited school resources such as counseling, prosocial skills training, and academic supports. They also found that the emphasis on preventive supports that is built into an effective screening process reduced the number of students who needed more intensive supports later. For a comprehensive screening to be effective, school staff need to be ready to move away from a reactive system of responding only to long-standing, high-level student needs that are common in schools today. Given these parameters, it is likely that screening will be most effective when implemented in the context of a comprehensive model of RTI and/or SWPBS. However, there is more to completing a successful process than simply reading the directions and completing the process as described. This article provides schools with an outline for successfully implementing the screening process and integrating the results into a meaningful schoolwide initiative to support social and academic success for all students. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A