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ERIC Number: EJ902483
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
ISSN: ISSN-0036-6803
Computational Estimation Performance on Whole-Number Multiplication by Third- and Fifth-Grade Chinese Students
Liu, Fuchang
School Science and Mathematics, v109 n6 p325-337 Oct 2009
Four hundred and three 3rd- and 5th-grade Chinese students took the Multiplication Estimation Test or participated in the interview on it, designed to assess their computational estimation performance on whole-number multiplication. Students perform better when tasks are presented visually than orally. Third graders tend to use rounding based while fifth graders tend to use written algorithm based strategies, but boys' and girls' performances do not differ. It is concluded that students often will not estimate simply at the request to estimate if an exact answer is within their mental computation capability, and a two-step process is suggested for helping students decide what route to take when given arithmetic problems. (Contains 5 tables.)
School Science and Mathematics Association. Oklahoma State University, 245 Willard, Stillwater, OK 74078. Tel: 405-744-8018; Fax: 405-744-6290; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Grade 5
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China