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ERIC Number: EJ902392
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0023-9690
Coding of Stimuli by Animals: Retrospection, Prospection, Episodic Memory and Future Planning
Zentall, Thomas R.
Learning and Motivation, v41 n4 p225-240 Nov 2010
When animals code stimuli for later retrieval they can either code them in terms of the stimulus presented (as a retrospective memory) or in terms of the response or outcome anticipated (as a prospective memory). Although retrospective memory is typically assumed (as in the form of a memory trace), evidence of prospective coding has been found when response intentions and outcomes are particularly salient. At a more abstract level is the question of whether animals are able figuratively to travel back in time to recover memories of past events (episodic memory) and forward in time to predict future events (future planning). Although what would constitute adequate evidence of episodic memory and future planning is controversial, preliminary evidence suggests that animals may be capable of both forms of subjective time travel. (Contains 10 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A