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ERIC Number: EJ902290
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 23
ISSN: ISSN-0040-0599
"I Can" and "I Did"--Self-Advocacy for Young Students with Developmental Disabilities
Kleinert, Jane O'Regan; Harrison, Elizabeth M.; Fisher, Tracy L.; Kleinert, Harold L.
TEACHING Exceptional Children, v43 n2 p16-26 Nov-Dec 2010
Self-advocacy and self-determination include the abilities to select personal goals, plan steps toward goals, assess one's progress, make choices, and self-monitor and self-evaluate one's behaviors. These are important skills in both current and future environments. Unfortunately, youth with significant intellectual and developmental disabilities often lack the opportunity to participate in the decisions that affect them on a daily basis. Even when opportunities for self-determined behaviors do arise, youth with significant disabilities often do not display these behaviors in the context of their school and everyday routines. How can their self-advocacy skills be strengthened? What can teachers and administrators do to support this growth? This article describes the step-by-step procedures utilized by the Kentucky Youth Advocacy Project (KYAP) team to train both students with disabilities and school personnel to increase self-advocacy and self-determination--and to support these skills with the development of strong communication systems. The KYAP approach is adapted from an evidence-based model for teaching students to identify, plan, and implement self-selected goals: the self-determined learning model of instruction (SDLMI; Agran, Blanchard, & Wehmeyer, 2000; Agran et al., 2003; Wehmeyer et al., 2000). The SDLMI has three primary phases, in which the student (a) selects a personal goal, (b) develops an action plan to achieve that goal and identifies potential barriers, and (c) self-evaluates progress and adjusts his or her plan or goal as needed. (Contains 10 figures and 1 table.)
Council for Exceptional Children. 1110 North Glebe Road Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 888-232-7733; Fax: 703-264-9494; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers; Administrators
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky