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ERIC Number: EJ902045
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0142-6001
NNES Doctoral Students in English-Speaking Academe: The Nexus between Language and Discipline
Chang, Yu-Jung; Kanno, Yasuko
Applied Linguistics, v31 n5 p671-692 Dec 2010
Since the mid-20th century, graduate schools in the USA have witnessed a growing participation of international students, many of whom do not speak English as their first language. Previous research has often portrayed non-native-English-speaking (NNES) students in US doctoral programs as disadvantaged because of the presumed primacy of English in their academic pursuits. This study examines NNES doctoral students' participation in US academia, and in doing so, challenges this assumption. Drawing on the concepts of communities of practice (Lave and Wenger 1991; Lave 1996; Wenger 1998) and capital (Bourdieu 1977, 1991), the study analyzes how linguistic competence plays out in NNES students' participation in three different disciplines. We argue that language competence as cultural capital does not have the same value across different disciplines and may not always be critical to NNES students' academic success. Furthermore, despite their keen awareness of their differences from their native-speaking counterparts, the NNES doctoral students in this study had other forms of cultural capital with which they claimed legitimacy and recognition in their disciplinary communities.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A