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ERIC Number: EJ901501
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 31
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0010-4086
Teacher Absence as a Factor in Gender Inequalities in Access to Primary Schooling in Rural Pakistan
Ghuman, Sharon; Lloyd, Cynthia
Comparative Education Review, v54 n4 p539-554 Nov 2010
The presence of a teacher in the classroom is central to the provision of schooling, with accumulating evidence showing that teacher absence compromises student learning. Teacher absence is common in schools in low- and middle-income countries. With much of the developing world making rapid progress in achieving universal primary school enrollment and gender equality in enrollment, Pakistan lags substantially behind other nations at its income level on both measures. In this article the authors focus on teacher absence among female teachers in government girls' schools, male teachers in government boys' schools, and, by way of comparison, among teachers in private coeducational schools in rural Pakistan. First, the authors analyze the school and teacher-level characteristics that are correlated with absence in teachers in each of these three types of schools. Second, they examine how teacher absence differentially affects access to schooling among girls enrolled in government girls' schools as compared to pupils enrolled in boys' school or in coeducational private schools. They conducted their analysis using data collected on teachers and pupils in 1997 and 2004 from primary schools serving 12 villages in rural Punjab and Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP). (Contains 3 tables and 10 footnotes.)
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail: subscriptions@press.uchicago.edu; Web site: http://www.journal.uchicago.edu
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan