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ERIC Number: EJ901257
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1622
Motor Proficiency of 6- to 9-Year-Old Children with Speech and Language Problems
Visscher, Chris; Houwen, Suzanne; Moolenaar, Ben; Lyons, Jim; Scherder, Erik J. A.; Hartman, Esther
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v52 n11 pe254-e258 Nov 2010
Aim: This study compared the gross motor skills of school-age children (mean age 7y 8mo, range 6-9y) with developmental speech and language disorders (DSLDs; n = 105; 76 males, 29 females) and typically developing children (n = 105; 76 males, 29 females). The relationship between the performance parameters and the children's age was investigated as well as the role of the type of DSLD. Method: The children with DSLDs were classified by their schools' speech and language therapists into three subgroups: children with speech disorders (n = 16), those with language disorders (n = 41), or those with both (n = 48). They were tested with the Test of Gross Motor Development, 2nd edition. Results: Compared with their typically developing peers, all three DSLD subgroups scored lower on the locomotor (all p values less than 0.001) and object control sub tests (all p values less than 0.001). Significant performance differences were found between the three types of DSLD (all p values less than 0.01) where the children with language disorders only performed better. Older children performed better than the younger ones (p[subscript locomotor] = 0.029, p[subscript object control] less than 0.001), but the magnitude of differences between the children with DSLDs and their peers did not change with increasing age. Interpretation: Children with DSLDs have poor gross motor skills. Although the performance of children with DSLDs improves with increasing age, it lags behind that of typically developing children. The present results emphasize the importance of early diagnosis and intervention for children with motor deficits.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A