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ERIC Number: EJ901173
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISSN: ISSN-1554-2998
Visual Layout of Print Questionnaires: Effect on Responses of Middle School Students
Bauman, Sheri; Steiner, Robert; Lopez, Francesca
Journal of School Counseling, v5 n12 2007
A three-page questionnaire was modified to a one-page format. Questionnaires were administered in classroom groups to 300 middle school students. Classrooms were randomly divided into two groups, with one group receiving the original three-page format and the other receiving a single-page version of the same questionnaire. The visual layout of the two versions was different, and included variations in font, placement of response options, and spacing. Item non-response was greater for the single-page format. No statistically significant differences were detected between response patterns or internal consistency of the two versions of the questionnaire. Implications for school counselors are discussed. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)
Journal of School Counseling. Montana State University, College of Education, Health and Human Development, P.O. Box 172940, Bozeman, MT 59717. Tel: 406-994-4133; Fax: 406-994-1854; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Middle Schools
Audience: Students
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A