ERIC Number: EJ900865
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
Was John Dewey Ethnocentric? Reevaluating the Philosopher's Early Views on Culture and Race
Fallace, Thomas D.
Educational Researcher, v39 n6 p471-477 Aug-Sep 2010
In this historical study, the author explores the early racial and cultural views of John Dewey. The author argues that, during his years at the University of Chicago, when he wrote the majority of his works on education, Dewey considered American non-White minorities to be biologically equal to Whites but socially deficient. In particular, Dewey subscribed to two 19th-century conceptual frameworks that almost inevitably led him to such a conclusion: linear historicism and genetic psychology, which both relegated non-Western societies to the status of prior steps toward the developed status represented by the industrialized West. However, working within these broad ethnocentric conceptual frameworks, Dewey forged important new positions on the social-scientific issues of latent biological potentials and the doctrine of the inheritance of acquired characteristics (i.e., neo-Lamarckianism).
Descriptors: Race, Models, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Social Environment, Genetics, Ethnocentrism, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Psychology, Cultural Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A