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ERIC Number: EJ900451
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Daily Function between Taiwanese and American Children
Chen, Kuan-Lin; Tseng, Mei-Hui; Hu, Fu-Chang; Koh, Chia-Lin
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v31 n6 p1590-1600 Nov-Dec 2010
The study described the psychometric properties of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) when used in Taiwanese normally developing children and illustrated the ethnic differences in determining capacity and independence in daily function between Taiwanese and American children. The Chinese version of the PEDI (PEDI-C) was administered to Taiwanese parents of 494 normally developing children and 110 children with developmental disabilities (DD). The scores of Taiwanese population were compared with the American counterparts using independent samples t-test. The PEDI-C had demonstrated good psychometric properties when used in Chinese-speaking population. The results revealed that internal consistency and inter-rater reliability was high. The unidimensionality of each domain was supported by Mokken analysis. The standardized factor scores of the PEDI-C differentiated children with DD from normally developing children. Group differences existed in various areas of daily function between Taiwanese and American children. Taiwanese children were less capable and needed more assistance in self-care and social function of daily living, especially after 4 years of age. Taiwanese and American children had similar capacity and performance in mobility. The identified discrepancy could serve as a guide of child-rearing for parents and for clinicians working with clients from different cultural backgrounds in a culturally diverse society. (Contains 7 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Pediatric Evaluation of Disabilities Inventory