NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ900438
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Mirror Visual Feedback Induces Lower Neuromuscular Activity in Children with Spastic Hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy
Feltham, Max G.; Ledebt, Annick; Deconinck, Frederik J. A.; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v31 n6 p1525-1535 Nov-Dec 2010
The study examined the effects of mirror feedback information on neuromuscular activation during bimanual coordination in eight children with spastic hemiparetic cerebral palsy (SHCP) and a matched control group. The "mirror box" creates a visual illusion, which gives rise to a visual perception of a zero lag, symmetric movement between the two arms. The study incorporated two additional visual feedback conditions by placing a glass or opaque screen between the arms. During bilateral symmetric circular arm movements mirror visual feedback induced lower neuromuscular intensities in the shoulder muscles of the less impaired arm of children with SHCP compared to the other visual conditions. In addition, the mirror lead to shorter relative durations of eccentric and concentric activity in the elbow muscles of the more impaired arm, whereas no effects of visual feedback were found in a matched control group. These results suggest that replacing veridical visual information of the more impaired arm with a mirror reflection of the less impaired arm improves the motor control of children with SHCP during interlimb coupling. The effects of the availability of visual feedback in individuals with hemiparesis are discussed with reference to: (1) increase ipsilateral motor cortex excitability and (2) congruence between afferent (visual) feedback and the internal copy of the motor commands. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A