ERIC Number: EJ900275
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of a Handwashing Intervention on Preschool Educator Beliefs, Attitudes, Knowledge and Self-Efficacy
Rosen, L.; Zucker, D.; Brody, D.; Engelhard, D.; Manor, O.
Health Education Research, v24 n4 p686-698 Aug 2009
This paper describes the effect of a preschool hygiene intervention program on psychosocial measures of educators regarding handwashing and communicable pediatric disease. A cluster-randomized trial, with randomization at the level of the preschool, was run in 40 Jerusalem preschool classrooms. Eighty preschool educators participated. The program used a multipronged approach which included elements aimed at staff, children, parents, school nurses and the classroom environment. Frontal lectures by medical, epidemiological and educational experts, along with printed materials and experiential learning, were provided to staff. Responses from a validated survey instrument were used to build four scales for each respondent regarding beliefs, attitudes, self-efficacy and knowledge. The scales were built on a Likert-type 1-7 scale (1 = minimum, 7 = maximum). The effect of the intervention was tested using mixed model analysis of variance. Response was received from 92.5% of educators. Educators believed that handwashing could affect health (mean = 5.5, SD = 1.1), had high levels of self-efficacy (mean = 6.1, SD = 0.9) and had positive attitudes toward handwashing (mean = 5.7, SD = 1.2). Knowledge was affected by the intervention (intervention: mean = 6.2, SD = 0.7; control: mean = 5.8, SD = 0.8). The combination of positive attitudes toward handwashing among educators and the program's effectiveness in imparting knowledge helped to create a sustained social norm of handwashing among many children in disparate locations.
Descriptors: Intervention, Teacher Attitudes, Printed Materials, Self Efficacy, School Nurses, Experiential Learning, Statistical Analysis, Classroom Environment, Hygiene, Preschool Education, Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education, Surveys, Likert Scales, Communicable Diseases, Knowledge Level, Preschool Teachers
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel