ERIC Number: EJ900168
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
Use of Cultural Styles or Repertoires of Experience to Guide Instruction: What Difference Does It Make?
Maccleave, Anne; Eghan, Felicia
Interchange: A Quarterly Review of Education, v41 n3 p233-253 Jul 2010
Educators are seeking to meet student needs in increasingly diverse university classrooms. Two contrasting ways of responding to cultural difference are planning instruction on the basis of cultural styles or repertoires of culturally-based experiences (Gutierrez & Rogoff, 2003). Use of learning styles to address individual differences in learning is relatively commonplace (Young, 2008). More controversial is the use of cultural styles that assume commonalities in approaches to learning based on cultural background. There are benefits and problems with using individual or cultural learning styles. Gutierrez and Rogoff (2003) proposed that we abandon the use of the styles construct in favour of working with students' repertoires of culturally-based experiences. This cultural historical approach has different views of the learner and his or her relationship to cultural communities, the learning process, and the appropriate instructional practices to address diversity. After contrasting the styles and cultural historical approaches, a compromise position is presented along with recommendations for further research and the optimal use of both the styles and cultural-historical approaches.
Descriptors: Student Needs, Cultural Differences, Cultural Background, Teaching Methods, Student Diversity, College Instruction, Cognitive Style, Comparative Analysis, Student Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A