ERIC Number: EJ899838
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Diabetes Awareness and Body Size Perceptions of Cree Schoolchildren
Willows, Noreen D.; Marshall, Dru; Raine, Kim; Ridley, Denise C.
Health Education Research, v24 n6 p1051-1058 Dec 2009
Native American Indians and First Nations are predisposed to obesity and diabetes. A study was done to understand Cree schoolchildren's diabetes awareness and body size perceptions in two communities that had diabetes awareness-raising activities in the Province of Quebec, Canada. Children (N = 203) in grades 4-6 were classified into weight categories using measured heights and weights and grouped on diabetes awareness based on dichotomous responses to the question "Do you know what diabetes is?" Children selected a drawing of an American Indian child whom they felt most likely to get diabetes and described their body size perception using a closed response question. Although 64.5% of children were overweight or obese, most (60.1%) children considered their body size to be "just right", with 29.6% considering it "too big" and 10.3% considering it "too small". A minority (27.6%) of children had diabetes awareness. These children were more likely than children without diabetes awareness to consider their body size too big (42.9 versus 24.5%) and to choose an obese drawing as at risk for diabetes (85.7 versus 63.3%, odds ratio 3.48 and 95% confidence interval 1.53-7.91). Culturally appropriate health education programs to increase schoolchildren's diabetes awareness and possibility to have a healthy body weight are important.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Obesity, Health Education, American Indians, Diabetes, Elementary School Students, Culturally Relevant Education, Student Attitudes, Health Promotion, Prevention, Public Health, Chronic Illness, Child Health, Canada Natives
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada