ERIC Number: EJ899756
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Does Socio-Economic Status Moderate the Associations between Psychosocial Predictors and Fruit Intake in Schoolchildren? The Pro Children Study
Sandvik, C.; Gjestad, R.; Samdal, O.; Brug, J.; Klepp, K. -I.
Health Education Research, v25 n1 p121-134 Feb 2010
This study tested whether socio-economic status (SES) moderated the association between the psychosocial constructs included in the attitude-social influence-self-efficacy (ASE) model and fruit intake in Norwegian schoolchildren. The sample consisted of 962 Norwegian sixth graders, mean age 11.3 years. They were split into three SES groups, and multi-group structural equation modeling (MSEM) was used. Children in the highest SES group reported eating fruit more frequently and reported more positive ASE variables than children in the lower SES groups. This was particularly true for social environmental factors, home availability of fruit and intention to eat fruit. MSEM showed that the relationships specified in the adapted ASE model were moderated by SES, as we did not find support for equal model structure across the three samples. Model modification for each SES group separately showed that the relation between home availability and fruit intake was not significant for the medium and low SES groups, and the relation between self-efficacy and intention to eat fruit was not significant for the medium SES group. Future interventions aiming at increasing fruit intake in children need to be sensitive to such SES-related differences and should in particular affect factors that may impede fruit intake in the lower SES groups.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, Structural Equation Models, Self Efficacy, Intention, Social Influences, Grade 6, Health Education, Health Promotion, Health Behavior, Student Attitudes, Predictor Variables, Correlation, Food, Nutrition, Eating Habits
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://her.oxfordjournals.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway