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ERIC Number: EJ899686
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
How Does Target Duration Affect Object Substitution Masking?
Gellatly, Angus; Pilling, Michael; Carter, Wakefield; Guest, Duncan
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v36 n5 p1267-1279 Oct 2010
Object substitution masking (OSM) is typically studied using a brief search display. The target item may be indicated by a cue/mask surrounding but not overlapping it. Report of the target is reduced when mask offset trails target offset rather than being simultaneous with it. We report 5 experiments investigating whether OSM can be obtained if the search display is on view for a period of up to 830 ms but cueing of the target location is delayed. The question of interest is whether OSM must reflect the initial response of the visual system to target onset or whether it can arise in other ways, possibly during the transition from a pre-attentive representation of the target item to an attentional representation of it. Our results show that OSM decreases in strength as target duration increases. An explanation is suggested in terms of the object individuation hypothesis (Lleras & Moore, 2003). (Contains 10 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A