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ERIC Number: EJ899495
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
ISSN: ISSN-0379-0037
The Effect of Violation of Expectation on the Retrieval of Iranian Learners of English
Mowlaie, Bahram
Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics, v33 n2 p77-88 Jul-Dec 2007
Ability to retrieve information is so important that Chastain (1976) and Brown (2000) do not consider learners to have learned something if they cannot remember it. This ability can also have practical significance too, since it can lead to successes at the exam time. Due to both theoretical and practical reasons, any method that can help the ability to retrieve is worth the attention and, if possible, applying in language classes. Meaningful vs. rote learning, mnemonic strategy or method of loci are just a few of the ways proposed to improve memory. The aim of this study is to do an experiment on the effect of Sokolov's match/mismatch theory on Iranian learners' retrieval. Based on this theory, violation of expectation can arouse attention which in turn can lead to longer retrieval of the material. The experiment was carried out on 35 students of English in Kish language school. Analysis of data showed that, if used successfully, it can lead to longer retrieval.
Bahri Publications. 1749A/5 1st Floor, Govindpuri Exension, Kalkaji, New Delhi, 110019 India. Tel: +91-011-65810766; e-mail:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran