NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ899219
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 34
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1938-727X
SBIR and STTR Program for Assistive Technology Device Development: Evaluation of Impact Using an ICF-Based Classification
Bauer, Stephen M.; Arthanat, Sajay
Assistive Technology Outcomes and Benefits, v6 n1 p39-72 Sum 2010
The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the impact of Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) grant programs of 5 federal agencies National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), U.S. Department of Education (USDE), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Department of Transportation (DOT) on the development of assistive technology (AT) devices using an International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based framework SBIR and STTR awards were reviewed for the period 1996 through 2005. An ICF-based classification system, inclusion-exclusion criteria and assignment heuristics was developed. Awards were classified in reference to ICF components: Body Structures and Functions, Activity, Participation (separated in this system from Activity) and Contextual Factors, and further classified within each component. More than 24,000 SBIR and STTR, Phase I and Phase II grants were reviewed. Findings include the distribution of SBIR and STTR grants for assistive technology device (ATD) development, by component and category (of the ICF-based classification system); awards and funding by agency and year; cross-agency and temporal funding patterns; and concordance of funding patterns to agency missions. The authors concluded that the NIH and the USDE are the key SBIR funders for ATD development. The ICF-based classification scheme successfully differentiated agency award portfolios at both the component and category levels. The NIH is the key STTR funder for ATD development however the STTR program is relatively underutilized by ATD manufacturers. The USDE had the smallest SBIR program, yet was second in importance as an SBIR funder only to the NIH. The USDE mission is focused on addressing the needs of people with disabilities. No other agency mission had an analogous focus. (Contains 6 figures and 21 tables.)
Assistive Technology Industry Association and SEAT Center. Available from: SEAT Center, Special Education, Illinois State University, Campus Box 5910, Normal, IL 61790. Tel: 309-438-7811; Fax: 309-830-0999; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A