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ERIC Number: EJ898960
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
ISSN: ISSN-1045-3830
Effect of Music on Reading Comprehension of Junior High School Students
Anderson, Stacey A.; Fuller, Gerald B.
School Psychology Quarterly, v25 n3 p178-187 Sep 2010
This quantitative study was an investigation of the effect of lyrical music on reading comprehension by adolescents. Existing research has produced results that range from concluding such distraction may be detrimental to finding it could be helpful. The reading comprehension subtest of the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests, 4th edition (MacGinitie, MacGinitie, Maria, & Dryer, 2000) was administered to 334 7th- and 8th-grade students. Testing was conducted under two conditions: a nonmusic environment, and with accompanying music comprising "Billboard Magazine's" (2006) top hit singles. Following the music portion of the test, students completed a survey to assess any preference for or against listening to music while studying. Results of an analysis of variance showed performance declined significantly when listening to music. A point biserial correlation illustrated a pronounced detrimental effect on comprehension for students exhibiting a stronger preference for listening to music while studying. Results are important for understanding influences on study habits, with the goal of helping educators and school psychologists design support systems tailored to the needs of adolescents. (Contains 5 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 7; Grade 8; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A