ERIC Number: EJ898464
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
Do College Students Who Identify with a Privileged Religion Experience Greater Spiritual Development? Exploring Individual and Institutional Dynamics
Bowman, Nicholas A.; Small, Jenny L.
Research in Higher Education, v51 n7 p595-614 Nov 2010
College student spiritual development constitutes an important, yet understudied topic in higher education research. In particular, very little is known about whether and how this development varies among students from diverse religious backgrounds. Using a longitudinal sample of 14,527 students from 136 institutions, the current study explored the degree to which spiritual development is related to the religious affiliations of students and the type of colleges and universities they attend. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses demonstrate numerous differences between students who identify with religious majority groups (e.g., Lutherans, Methodists), religious minority groups (e.g., Muslims, Seventh Day Adventists), and no religion at all. In most instances, the presence of individual differences in spiritual development depends upon the religious affiliation of the institution. Moreover, several college experiences are positively associated with spiritual development. Implications for higher education practitioners and administrators are discussed.
Descriptors: Higher Education, Religion, Spiritual Development, Religious Factors, College Students, Student Attitudes, Longitudinal Studies, Institutional Characteristics, Religious Cultural Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A