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ERIC Number: EJ898337
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Pages: 50
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1096-2719
The Federal Bilingual Education Program
Rossell, Christine H.
Brookings Papers on Education Policy, p215-264 2000
Since the 1960s, the U.S. Department of Education has enthusiastically embraced bilingual education. In this paper, the author evaluates the federal bilingual education program. Based on her studies of the implementation of bilingual education in California, Massachusetts, and New York City, she concludes that the program is of dubious value. She finds that the means by which children are assigned to it are arbitrary and can be easily manipulated by states and districts to raise or lower the eligible population and that the definition of "bilingual education" varies widely from place to place. She concludes with specific ideas to make the program more valuable for the language minority children who are its intended beneficiaries by fundamentally transforming the program. Comments by Catherine E. Snow and Charles Glenn are included. (Contains 1 table, 2 figures, and 46 notes.)
Brookings Institution Press. 1775 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 202-536-3600; Fax: 202-536-3623; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Massachusetts; New York
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bilingual Education Act 1968; Civil Rights Act 1964; Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title II; Equal Educational Opportunities Act 1974