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ERIC Number: EJ898244
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-161X
Effects of Organizational Characteristics and Human Capital Endowments on Pay of Female and Male Middle School Principals
Young, Phillip; Reimer, Don; Young, Karen Holsey
Educational Administration Quarterly, v46 n4 p590-616 Oct 2010
Background: Studies addressing pay discrimination for females in education have relied on main effect regression models, mostly examining amount (intercept values) rather than rate of pay (slope coefficients). Purpose: The purpose is to determine if organizational characteristics and human capital endowments purported to influence pay are facially neutral (amount of pay) or have a disproportional impact (rate of pay) for female middle school principals. Setting: The population is all California public middle school principals, who are stratified by sex and randomly selected through a sampling process that includes only a single principal from any school district. Research Design: A hierarchical regression design is used to assess main effects for organizational characteristics and human capital variables (amount) and interaction effects (rate) of these variables and a residual effect for sex. Data Collection: Organizational characteristics for school districts and school buildings were obtained from a state database, and human capital endowments and information for pay were assessed via survey self-reports of principals. Findings: Organizational and human capital variables are facially neutral and account for substantial variance in pay amount ( R[squared] = 0.44, p [less than or equal to] 0.01). None of the interaction terms ([delta]R[squared] = 0.02, p [greater than or equal to] 0.05) reflect a disproportional impact (rate of pay) for females, and the residual sex coefficient is nonsignificant ([delta]R[squared] = 0.00, p [greater than or equal to] 0.05). Conclusions: These findings differ from existing research suggesting pay discrimination on the basis of sex at the school building level but may do so because of methodological advancements and/or a temporal effect. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California