ERIC Number: EJ897992
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive Mediators of the Effect of Peer Victimization on Loneliness
Catterson, Jennifer; Hunter, Simon C.
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v80 n3 p403-416 Sep 2010
Background: The impact of stress on psychological adjustment may be mediated by cognitive interpretations (i.e., appraisals) of events for individuals. Defining characteristics of loneliness suggest that appraisals of blame, threat, and perceived control may be particularly important in this domain. Aims: To evaluate the extent to which cognitive appraisals (perceived control, threat, and blame) can mediate the effect of peer victimization on loneliness. Sample: One hundred and ten children (54 boys, 56 girls) aged 8-12 years attending mainstream schools in Scotland. Method: Self-report measures of peer victimization, appraisal, and loneliness. Results: Perceived control partially mediated the effects of peer victimization on loneliness, but neither blame nor threat were mediators. All three measures of control were significantly associated with loneliness at the bivariate level, but only perceived control was significant when the appraisals were entered as predictors in a hierarchical multiple linear regression. Conclusions: The results highlight the importance of research designs assessing multiple categories of appraisal. Furthermore, they suggest that intervention efforts aiming to combat feelings of loneliness within a peer victimization context should address children's appraisals of perceived control.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Peer Relationship, Multiple Regression Analysis, Bullying, Self Concept, Correlation, Student Attitudes, Individual Power, Student Adjustment, Student Characteristics, Predictor Variables, Psychological Patterns, Self Evaluation (Individuals)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)