ERIC Number: EJ897874
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Distinguishing Features of Autism in Boys with Fragile X Syndrome
Brock, M.; Hatton, D.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v54 n10 p894-905 Oct 2010
Background: Males with fragile X syndrome and autism (FXS/autism) represent a distinct subgroup of males with FXS at risk for markedly poorer outcomes. Early identification and intervention can improve outcomes for males with autism spectrum disorder. Method: To advance the development of a specialised autism screening tool for young males with FXS that could assist in early identification, backward regression was used to identify the combination of parent-report questionnaire items that best predicted autism symptoms in a sample of 60 males with FXS, ages 4-18 years old. Results: Both social and repetitive behaviours distinguished males with FXS/autism, with repetitive behaviours playing a more prominent role than previously documented in the literature. Conclusions: Healthcare workers and early interventionists may be able to interview parents about a few key behaviours to determine if young child with FXS should be formally evaluated for autism. Evidence-based practices identified for children with autism spectrum disorder can be implemented as early as possible.
Descriptors: Autism, Disability Identification, Males, Genetic Disorders, At Risk Persons, Early Intervention, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questionnaires, Predictor Variables, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Parents, Children, Adolescents, Social Behavior, Antisocial Behavior, Clinical Diagnosis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A