ERIC Number: EJ897836
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
The Flynn Effect and Its Critics: Rusty Linchpins and "Lookin' for g and Gf in Some of the Wrong Places"
McGrew, Kevin S.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v28 n5 p448-468 Oct 2010
The consensus of most intelligence scholars is that the Flynn effect (FE) is real, IQ test batteries are now routinely restandardized on a regular basis. A cornerstone in Flynn's explanation of the FE is his analysis of select Wechsler subtest scores across time. The featured articles by Kaufman and Zhou, Zhu, and Weiss question whether Flynn's arguments are grounded in the unproven assumption that similarly named Wechsler scores measure the same constructs across editions. Kaufman raises the issue by means of a detailed task analysis of changes in test administration and scoring directions for similarly named tests across different Wechsler editions. The author applauds Zhou et al. for bringing methodological rigor to the comparison of similarly named Wechsler Performance composite scores across time. Unfortunately, both Kaufman and Zhou et al. inadvertently perpetuate some of Flynn's incorrect interpretations of select Wechsler measures (Similarities and Performance tests) as measures of the novel abstract problem solving that characterizes fluid intelligence (Gf). The author presents empirical Wechsler subtest g-loadings based on seven Wechsler joint- or cross-battery factor analyses (with other cognitive batteries). The results suggest that the extant Wechsler FE data and its system of interpretations, hypotheses, and resultant theory are held together by multiple anchors, a number that, in the words of Kaufman, are "seriously coated in rust." The author briefly discusses the theory, tools, and technologies that currently exist to place a more reasonable degree of order in the house built by Flynn. (Contains 3 tables and 16 notes.)
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Age Differences, Change, Test Norms, Measures (Individuals), Time Perspective, Performance Tests, Psychometrics, Intelligence, Task Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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