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ERIC Number: EJ897769
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
ISSN: ISSN-8756-5943
An Assessment of Perceived Emotional Intelligence and Health Behaviors among College Students
Pettit, Michele L.; Jacobs, Sue C.; Page, Kyle S.; Porras, Claudia V.
Health Educator, v41 n2 p54-63 Fall 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between perceived emotional intelligence (i.e., recognizing, expressing, monitoring, managing, and reflecting on emotions) (Presbury, Echterling, & McKee, 2007) and self-reported health behaviors among college students. A convenience sample of 418 undergraduates completed online surveys consisting of items from the Brief Stress and Coping Inventory (Rahe & Tolles, 2002) which includes measures of health behaviors, conceptualized as coping responses to stress, and the 30-item Trait Meta-Mood Scale (Salovey, Mayer, Goldman, Turvey, & Palfai, 1995) which measures perceived emotional intelligence. Logistic regression analyses revealed relationships among perceived emotional intelligence factors (i.e., attention, clarity, and repair), gender, and a number of health behaviors: consuming more than seven alcoholic drinks per week, eating meals in pleasant surroundings, eating meals slowly and calmly, exercising at work/home, exercising moderately and regularly, exercising vigorously and regularly, controlling pace of life, and maintaining sufficient energy reserve (p less than 0.05). Independent t-tests revealed that females reported higher levels of emotional attention than males (M = 48.37, M = 44.12; p less than 0.001). Two-way contingency table analyses indicated that females were more likely to eat meals in pleasant surroundings and exercise at work/home, while males were more apt to consume more than seven alcoholic drinks per week, exercise vigorously and regularly, maintain sufficient energy reserve, and acquire sufficient sleep (p less than 0.05). Results suggest that emotional intelligence has the potential to offset behaviors that have been associated with higher levels of morbidity and mortality. Gender differences regarding emotional intelligence and health behaviors warrant additional research. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A