ERIC Number: EJ897742
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Maltreatment and Neuroendocrine Regulation on Memory Performance
Cicchetti, Dante; Rogosch, Fred A.; Howe, Mark L.; Toth, Sheree L.
Child Development, v81 n5 p1504-1519 Sep-Oct 2010
This investigation examined basic memory processes, cortisol, and dissociation in maltreated children. School-aged children (age range = 6-13), 143 maltreated and 174 nonmaltreated, were administered the California Verbal Learning Test-Children (D. C. Delis, J. H. Kramer, E. Kaplan, & B. A. Ober, 1994) in a week-long camp setting, daily morning cortisol levels were assessed throughout the duration of camp, and behavioral symptoms were evaluated. Maltreatment and cortisol regulation were not related to short- or long-delay recall or recognition memory. However, children experiencing neglect and/or emotional maltreatment and low cortisol evinced heightened false recognition memory. Dissociative symptoms were higher in maltreated children; however, high dissociation was related to recognition inaccuracy only among nonmaltreated children. Results highlight the interplay between maltreatment and hypocortisolism in children's recognition memory errors.
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Verbal Learning, Recognition (Psychology), Recall (Psychology), Biochemistry, Child Behavior, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Error Patterns, Correlation, Testing, Children, Summer Programs
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: California Verbal Learning Test for Children