ERIC Number: EJ897705
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
IQ Scores Should Not Be Adjusted for the Flynn Effect in Capital Punishment Cases
Hagan, Leigh D.; Drogin, Eric Y.; Guilmette, Thomas J.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v28 n5 p474-476 Oct 2010
"Atkins v. Virginia" (2002) dramatically raised the stakes for mental retardation in capital punishment cases, but neither defined this condition nor imposed uniform standards for its assessment. The basic premise that mean IQ scores shift over time enjoys wide recognition, but its application--including the appropriateness of characterizing it in terms of an allegedly predictable "Flynn effect"--is frequently debated in the course of death penalty litigation. The scientifically and ethically sound approach to this issue is to report IQ scores as obtained and be prepared to address those factors that might affect their reliability. Altering the IQ scores themselves is insufficiently supported by professional literature, legal authority, or prevailing standards of practice.
Descriptors: Federal Government, Court Litigation, Death, Punishment, Barriers, Mental Retardation, Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Tests, Age Differences, Change, Test Norms, Measures (Individuals), Revision (Written Composition)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
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Identifiers - Location: Virginia