ERIC Number: EJ897703
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
Considerations on the Flynn Effect
Weiss, Lawrence G.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v28 n5 p482-493 Oct 2010
Flynn has proposed a grand integrative theory, which he calls "scientific spectacles," to explain the phenomenon of rising IQ scores across multiple decades known as the Flynn effect (FE). In his theory, he purports that modern society has placed increasing value and emphasis on the application and education of scientific principles--which include abstract fluid reasoning--and this has mirrored larger score increases in the abstract fluid reasoning tasks included as part of most intelligence tests. He highlights huge gains in the Wechsler Similarities subtest over time as one linchpin supporting his theory that fluid reasoning is rising faster than other aspects of intelligence, but further points to large increases in Wechsler performance tasks (i.e., perceptual organization and reasoning) relative to crystallized tasks, and to the many studies of Raven's Progressive Matrices, which is widely held to be a fairly pure measure of fluid reasoning. As with any new theory of this magnitude, Flynn's grand proposal has invited numerous criticisms that must now be addressed--and this is as it should be in the spirit of scientific progress. Each of these issues is multilayered and has many legitimate perspectives. The present article attempts to carefully consider each issue and perspective in sequence.
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Scores, Academic Achievement, Time Perspective, Theories, Social Influences, Death, Punishment, Context Effect, Measures (Individuals), Age Differences, Ethics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices