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ERIC Number: EJ897493
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Availability in Hispanic Head Start Families with Preschool-aged Children Living in an Urban Midwestern Area
Shriver, Lenka H.; Hildebrand, Deana; Austin, Heidi
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v42 n5 p299-306 Sep-Oct 2010
Objective: Determine relationships between self-efficacy, decisional balance, and processes of change and Stages of Change (SOC) related to fruit and vegetable (FV) availability among Hispanic Head Start parents. Design: A 2-phase descriptive study with mixed methodology. Setting: Two Head Start sites in a city in the midwestern United States. Participants: Convenience sample of Hispanic Head Start parents/guardians recruited to complete a FV survey and focus groups. Main Outcome Measures: Amount of FV served; distribution of participants between SOC; level of self-efficacy, decisional balance, and use of cognitive and behavioral processes. Analysis: Analysis of variance was conducted using the SOC as the independent variable and Transtheoretical Model construct scales as dependent variables. Significance was set at P less than 0.05. Focus groups were analyzed using content analysis. Results: Of the 113 participants, 60% were in pre-action stages. Compared to those of parents in higher stages, intentions of parents in lower stages to serve more FV were impeded by cost and preparation time (P = 0.028). Focus groups confirmed low self-efficacy as the common barrier to serving more FV. Conclusions and Implications: Nutrition education for low-income Hispanic parents should include components focused on increasing self-efficacy and minimizing perceived barriers; quick and tasty FV recipes; shopping for economical FV; and promoting parental role modeling. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A