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ERIC Number: EJ897226
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 60
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
With Development, List Recall Includes More Chunks, Not Just Larger Ones
Cowan, Nelson; Hismjatullina, Anna; Aubuchon, Angela M.; Saults, J. Scott; Horton, Neil; Leadbitter, Kathy; Towse, John
Developmental Psychology, v46 n5 p1119-1131 Sep 2010
The nature of the childhood development of immediate recall has been difficult to determine. There could be a developmental increase in either the number of chunks held in working memory or the use of grouping to make the most of a constant capacity. In 3 experiments with children in the early elementary school years and adults, we show that improvements in the immediate recall of word and picture lists come partly from increases in the number of chunks of items retained in memory. This finding was based on a distinction between "access" to a studied group of items (i.e., recall of at least 1 item from the group) and "completion" of the accessed group (i.e., the proportion of the items recalled from the group). Access rates increased with age, even with statistical controls for completion rates, implicating development of capacity in chunks. (Contains 3 tables and 6 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Missouri