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ERIC Number: EJ897161
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 10
ISSN: ISSN-0360-1277
Animism Begins at Forty: Evidence that Animism and Other Naive Beliefs Are Established before the Onset of Old Age
Parry, Robert; Stuart-Hamilton, Ian
Educational Gerontology, v36 n10-11 p1043-1050 2010
Animism (erroneously believing inanimate objects are alive) is present in older adults (McDonald & Stuart-Hamilton, 2000). However, it is unclear if animism arises in later life or middle age. The current study tested 34 middle-aged adults (mean age 48 years) on Piaget's animism task and found a significant level of animism. Strength of animism significantly correlated with need for cognition and fluid intelligence; but in a multiple regression analysis, only the need for cognition was a significant predictor. These findings are contrasted (using archival data) with a six-year longitudinal study of performance of 22 older adults (mean age 70 years). That study found no significant change in performance over time, and it also found need for cognition to be the best predictor. The implications of these findings are discussed. (Contains 1 table.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom