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ERIC Number: EJ897044
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1622
Handwriting, Visuomotor Integration, and Neurological Condition at School Age
Van Hoorn, Jessika F.; Maathuis, Carel G. B.; Peters, Lieke H. J.; Hadders-Algra, Mijna
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v52 n10 p941-947 Oct 2010
Aim: The study investigated the relationships between handwriting, visuomotor integration, and neurological condition. We paid particular attention to the presence of minor neurological dysfunction (MND). Method : Participants were 200 children (131 males, 69 females; age range 8-13y) of whom 118 received mainstream education (mean age 10y 5mo, SD 1y 4mo) and 82 special education (mean age 10y 8mo, SD 1y 2mo). Each child had four assessments: a neurological examination, which paid attention to the type and severity of MND, a test to measure motor performance, a handwriting test, and the Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration. Results: Dysgraphic handwriting and slow writing speed were closely related to the severity of neurological dysfunction (both p less than 0.001); impaired visuomotor integration was related to the presence of MND (p less than 0.001) but somewhat less to its severity. Impaired handwriting and visuomotor integration were strongly related to two specific dysfunctions: fine manipulative disability and coordination problems (both p less than 0.001). Impaired visuomotor integration was weakly related to dysfunctional muscle tone regulation (p=0.009) and sensory dysfunction (p=0.042). Interpretation: Poor handwriting and impaired visuomotor integration are related to MND, but in a differential way. Poor handwriting is related to the severity of neurological dysfunction and to dysfunctions of complex supraspinal circuitries. Impaired visuomotor integration is associated with the presence of any of the most common types of MND.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A