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ERIC Number: EJ896950
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
ISSN: ISSN-0146-6216
Conservativeness in Rejection of the Null Hypothesis when Using the Continuity Correction in the MH Chi-Square Test in DIF Applications
Paek, Insu
Applied Psychological Measurement, v34 n7 p539-548 Oct 2010
Conservative bias in rejection of a null hypothesis from using the continuity correction in the Mantel-Haenszel (MH) procedure was examined through simulation in a differential item functioning (DIF) investigation context in which statistical testing uses a prespecified level [alpha] for the decision on an item with respect to DIF. The standard MH chi-square test or continuity-corrected MH chi-square test consistently showed a conservative nature across different sample sizes and different significance levels in rejecting the null (No DIF) and non-null (DIF) conditions, especially in small samples. Two alternative testing approaches, the uncorrected MH chi-square and the MH delta-based z test, both showed proper control of Type I error probabilities and better power than the continuity-corrected MH chi-square test. In hypothesis testing for DIF investigations with small sample sizes, either the uncorrected MH chi-square or the MH delta-based z test is recommended rather than the continuity-corrected MH chi-square test. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A