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ERIC Number: EJ896901
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2984
Federal Support for Educational Research and Development: The History of Research and Development Centers and Regional Educational Laboratories
Simon-McWilliams, Ethel
Journal of Negro Education, v76 n3 p391-401 Sum 2007
The level of federal support for educational research and development (R&D) has been impacted over the years by wars and other crises, school desegregation, poverty, federal legislation and people closely associated with whatever administration was in power in Washington, DC at a particular time. While some funds for educational R&D were available after World War II, a significant amount of federal support became available during the years following the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling which outlawed de jure public school segregation. After that ruling, the eyes of the nation were opened to the discrepancy between Black and White student academic achievement, as well as the significant economic disparity that existed between the races. Programs such as Title I and Head Start were established under major federal legislation passed in the 1960s. These programs were designed to help address the academic discrepancies and economic disparities between the races. New entities were also established in the 1960s, referred to as Educational Research and Development Centers and Regional Educational Laboratories (RELs). This article provides a snapshot of events impacting federal support for educational R&D from World War II to the establishment of RELs, and educational R & D centers.
Howard University School of Education. 2900 Van Ness Street NW, Washington, DC 20008. Tel: 202-806-8120; Fax: 202-806-8434; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; Elementary and Secondary Education Act