ERIC Number: EJ896887
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
The Tests Are Written for the Dogs: "The Journal of Negro Education", African American Children, and the Intelligence Testing Movement in Historical Perspective
Franklin, V. P.
Journal of Negro Education, v76 n3 p216-229 Sum 2007
Since its founding in April 1932, "The Journal of Negro Education" has published articles, reports, and reviews examining the results of intelligence and other mental tests given to African Americans. In these studies, historically social scientists contributing to the "JNE" sought to clarify what these intelligence tests were actually measuring, and to demonstrate that the tests were culturally-biased in favor of the White middle-class children on whom the tests were standardized. Contributors to the "JNE" offered culturally specific alternatives to the scholastic aptitude and intelligence tests, or called for a moratorium on the use of mental tests in making important educational decisions affecting African American children.
Descriptors: African American Students, African American Children, Standardized Tests, Racial Bias, Cultural Relevance, African American Education, Intelligence Tests, Social Bias, Intelligence Quotient, United States History, Academic Aptitude, Social Scientists, Whites, Racial Differences
Howard University School of Education. 2900 Van Ness Street NW, Washington, DC 20008. Tel: 202-806-8120; Fax: 202-806-8434; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.journalnegroed.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale