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ERIC Number: EJ896791
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1070-5309
Recidivism and Survival Time: Racial Disparity among Jail Ex-Inmates
Jung, Hyunzee; Spjeldnes, Solveig; Yamatani, Hide
Social Work Research, v34 n3 p181-189 Sep 2010
Incarcerated men, most of whom are recidivists, are disproportionately black. Much literature about prison ex-inmates reports on this disparity, yet little is known about racial disparity in recidivism rates among jail ex-inmates. This study examined recidivism rates and survival time (period from release date to rearrest) among male ex-inmates released from the Allegheny County Jail in Pennsylvania during 2003 who were tracked for three years (N = 12,545). Recidivism rates were compared across race using chi-square tests. Survival time was analyzed using survival analysis including Kaplan-Meier estimation with log-rank test and Cox's proportional hazard model. Findings showed that the overall three-year recidivism rate was 55.9%, and black men recidivated at a significantly higher rate than white men. Survival analysis also attested to racial disparity in recidivism, and black men recidivated in a shorter time frame than their white peers with the covariates age at release and length of stay in jail controlled. Interaction effects of race and the covariates were found to be significant. Research, policy, and practice implications are presented.
National Association of Social Workers (NASW). 750 First Street NE Suite 700, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-227-3590; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania