ERIC Number: EJ896744
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Computerized Adaptive Testing, Anxiety Levels, and Gender Differences
Fritts, Barbara E.; Marszalek, Jacob M.
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v13 n3 p441-458 Sep 2010
This study compares the amount of test anxiety experienced on a computerized adaptive test (CAT) to a paper-and-pencil test (P&P), as well as the state test anxiety experienced between males and females. Ninety-four middle school CAT examinees were compared to 65 middle school P&P examinees on their responses to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) after taking a standardized achievement test. Results of a multiple regression showed that P&P examinees had a higher mean STAIC score than CAT examinees after controlling for trait test anxiety and computer anxiety. Evidence of neither a main nor a moderator effect of gender was found. However, a subsequent path analysis gave evidence of an indirect effect of gender on STAIC score mediated by trait test anxiety. Results are discussed in the context of stereotype threat and the implications for the use of CAT in schools, given the digital divide between race and socioeconomic status. Recommendations for future research and practice are offered.
Descriptors: Computer Attitudes, Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Achievement Tests, Path Analysis, Gender Differences, Test Anxiety, Comparative Analysis, Middle School Students, Test Format, Measures (Individuals), Scores, Stereotypes, Racial Differences, Socioeconomic Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children