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ERIC Number: EJ896372
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 109
ISSN: ISSN-0034-6543
How to Optimize Learning from Animated Models: A Review of Guidelines Based on Cognitive Load
Wouters, Pieter; Paas, Fred; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.
Review of Educational Research, v78 n3 p645-675 Sep 2008
Animated models explicate the procedure to solve a problem, as well as the rationale behind this procedure. For abstract cognitive processes, animations might be beneficial, especially when a supportive pedagogical agent provides explanations. This article argues that animated models can be an effective instructional method, provided that they are designed in such a way that cognitive capacity is optimally employed. This review proposes three sets of design guidelines based on cognitive load research: The first aims at managing the complexity of subject matter. The second focuses on preventing activities (attributed to poor design) that obstruct learning. The last incites learners to engage in the active and relevant processing of subject matter. Finally, an integrative framework is presented for designing effective animated models. (Contains 1 note, 1 table, and 3 figures.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A