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ERIC Number: EJ896335
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Item-Specific Encoding Produces an Additional Benefit of Directed Forgetting: Evidence from Intrusion Errors
Sahakyan, Lili; Delaney, Peter F.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v36 n5 p1346-1354 Sep 2010
List-method directed forgetting involves encoding 2 lists, between which half of the participants are told to forget List 1. When participants are free to study however they want, directed forgetting impairs List 1 recall and enhances List 2 recall in the forget group compared with a control remember group. In a large-scale experiment, the current work demonstrated that when item-specific encoding instructions were enforced during learning, directed forgetting impaired List 1 recall, but it did not enhance List 2 recall. This pattern was found regardless of whether encoding was incidental or intentional. Whenever directed forgetting did not enhance List 2 recall, it nevertheless reduced cross-list intrusions. These results indicate that directed forgetting can help differentiate memories from one another, thereby reducing intrusions from irrelevant competing memories. (Contains 5 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina