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ERIC Number: EJ896332
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
False Memories Seconds Later: The Rapid and Compelling Onset of Illusory Recognition
Flegal, Kristin E.; Atkins, Alexandra S.; Reuter-Lorenz, Patricia A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v36 n5 p1331-1338 Sep 2010
Distortions of long-term memory (LTM) in the converging associates task are thought to arise from semantic associative processes and monitoring failures due to degraded verbatim and/or contextual memory. Sensory-based coding is traditionally considered more prevalent than meaning-based coding in short-term memory (STM), whereas the converse is true of LTM, leading to the expectation that false memory phenomena should be less robust in a canonical STM task. These expectations were violated in 2 experiments in which participants were shown lists of 4 semantically related words and were probed immediately following a filled 3- to 4-s retention interval or approximately 20 min later in a surprise recognition test. Corrected false recognition rates, confidence ratings, and Remember/Know judgments reveal similar false memory effects across STM and LTM conditions. These results indicate that compelling false memory illusions can be rapidly instantiated and that, consistent with unitary models of memory, they originate from processes that are not specific to LTM tasks. (Contains 2 tables, 2 figures, and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A