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ERIC Number: EJ896331
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Pages: 35
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Examining the Relationship between Free Recall and Immediate Serial Recall: The Effects of List Length and Output Order
Ward, Geoff; Tan, Lydia; Grenfell-Essam, Rachel
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v36 n5 p1207-1241 Sep 2010
In 4 experiments, participants were presented with lists of between 1 and 15 words for tests of immediate memory. For all tasks, participants tended to initiate recall with the first word on the list for short lists. As the list length was increased, so there was a decreased tendency to start with the first list item; and, when free to do so, participants showed an increased tendency to start with one of the last 4 list items. In all tasks, the start position strongly influenced the shape of the resultant serial position curves: When recall started at Serial Position 1, elevated recall of early list items was observed; when recall started toward the end of the list, there were extended recency effects. These results occurred under immediate free recall (IFR) and different variants of immediate serial recall (ISR) and reconstruction of order (RoO) tasks. We argue that these findings have implications for the relationship between IFR and ISR and between rehearsal and recall. (Contains 6 tables, 17 figures and 3 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)