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ERIC Number: EJ895958
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Role of Linguistic Input in Third Person Singular -"s" Use in the Speech of Young Children
Finneran, Denise A.; Leonard, Laurence B.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v53 n4 p1065-1074 Aug 2010
Purpose: To examine the role of linguistic input in how young, typically developing children use the 3rd person singular -"s" (3S) inflection. Method: Novel verbs were presented to 16 young children in either 3S contexts (e.g., "The tiger heens") or nonfinite (NF) contexts (e.g., "Will the tiger heen?"). The input was further manipulated for length such that half of the presentations in each context had adjectives modifying the subject. Children were then prompted to use the novel verbs in contexts requiring 3S and in contexts requiring an infinitive form. The children's use of 3S with familiar verbs was also examined. Results: Novel verbs heard only in 3S contexts were more likely to be produced with 3S in obligatory contexts and were more likely to be inappropriately applied to infinitive contexts than novel verbs heard only in NF contexts. Degree of 3S use in obligatory contexts was lower for familiar verbs than for novel verbs heard only in 3S contexts but higher than for novel verbs heard only in NF contexts. Length was not a significant factor. Conclusion: Linguistic input appears to have a strong effect on how young children use the 3S inflection in newly encountered verbs.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: subscribe@asha.org; Web site: http://jslhr.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A