ERIC Number: EJ895883
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
Does Supported Employment Work?
Morgan McInnes, Melayne; Ozturk, Orgul Demet; McDermott, Suzanne; Mann, Joshua R.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v29 n3 p506-525 Sum 2010
Providing employment-related services, including supported employment through job coaches, has been a priority in federal policy since the enactment of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act in 1984. We take advantage of a unique panel data set of all clients served by the South Carolina Department of Disabilities and Special Needs between 1999 and 2005 to investigate whether job coaching leads to stable employment in community settings. The data contain information on individual characteristics, such as IQ and the presence of emotional and behavioral problems, that are likely to affect both employment propensity and likelihood of receiving job coaching. Our results show that unobserved individual characteristics and endogeneity strongly bias naive estimates of the effects of job coaching. However, even after correcting for these biases, an economically and statistically significant treatment effect remains. (Contains 1 figure, 9 tables, and 13 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Supported Employment, Individual Characteristics, Developmental Disabilities, Coaching (Performance), Community Based Instruction (Disabilities), Program Effectiveness, Predictor Variables, Employment Statistics, Persistence, Public Policy, Federal Legislation, Employment Potential, Policy Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act