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ERIC Number: EJ895863
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1547-9714
Study of the Impact of Collaboration among Teachers in a Collaborative Authoring System
Lafifi, Yacine; Touil, Ghassen
Journal of Information Technology Education, v9 pIIP-113-IIP-132 2010
Several researchers have studied the impact of collaboration between the learners on their cognitive levels, but few studies have been carried out on the impact of collaboration between the teachers. The aim of our research is to study the effects on the knowledge levels of learners of collaborative construction of learning objects created by the teachers. More precisely, the objective is to conceive a distance learning environment that takes into account many concepts and strategies. Among the tasks assigned to our research team is to study the effects of collaboration among learners on the one side and among teachers in the other side. In previous work, we have studied the impact of collaborative learning on the cognitive profile of learners. In this work, we focused on the impact of collaboration among teachers on both teachers and learners. The aim of this paper is to present a collaborative authoring system called SAC (which is the French acronym of Systeme Auteur Collaboratif). This is designed to be used in an academic environment. Moreover, it can be used by any academic institution adopting the LMD (Licence-Master-Doctorate) regime. Its principal feature is that it takes into account collaboration among teachers for construction of learning objects. In this case, teachers collaborate to build common products. They discuss and coordinate their efforts to build pedagogical content that reflects all their points of view. Through this system, the teachers can put their courses online in various formats (lessons, tutorials, presentations, etc.) and students can download lessons, self-assess, and communicate with their colleagues. We used a certain number of criteria for making the collaboration task more efficient. These criteria are used by a search tool of co-authors, which is a part of SAC system. Among these criteria are the behavioral profile and the expertise area of teachers. The co-author search tool is like a search engine but it is used for searching authors in order to perform collaborative tasks. The use of this system overcomes the difficulties met by teachers in traditional systems. These difficulties are mainly related to the lack of tools, and assistance means facilitating their tasks during the preparation of their learning objects. In fact, this system has many features for the organization of learning objects and the facilitation of the courses preparation. These courses are those of the Licence degree. SAC was implemented and tested by a sample of university students and teachers. The aim was to know the attitude of these actors toward the system and the content of the courses that are built collaboratively. The obtained results showed that the teachers enjoyed using the system. They were very satisfied with the main components of SAC, such as the shared editor tool, the co-author search engine, and the trace manager. Particular attention was given to the co-authors search engine, which constitutes the main contribution of this paper. It was used by most of the teachers. This fact revealed its usefulness. After rigorous analysis of the results, we observed that the collaboration among teachers has good effects on the cognitive profile of learners. All the details concerning the experiment as well as the obtained results will be presented and discussed at the end of this paper. Furthermore, we will present the problems faced by the participants (i.e., teachers and students) and a short description of the future work. (Contains 2 tables and 4 figures.)
Informing Science Institute. 131 Brookhill Court, Santa Rosa, CA 95409. Tel: 707-537-2211; Fax: 480-247-5724; Web site: http://JITE.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A