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ERIC Number: EJ895786
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 91
ISSN: ISSN-0090-4392
The Relation of Perceived and Received Social Support to Mental Health among First Responders: A Meta-Analytic Review
Prati, Gabriele; Pietrantoni, Luca
Journal of Community Psychology, v38 n3 p403-417 Apr 2010
There are plenty of theories that may support the protective role of social support in the aftermath of potentially traumatic events. This meta-analytic review examined the role of received and perceived social support in promoting mental health among first responders (e.g., firefighters, police officers, and paramedics or emergency medical services personnel). Results showed that the effect sizes derived from 37 empirical studies ranged from 0 to 0.46. The overall weighted mean effect size was of medium magnitude (r=0.27). Moreover, moderator analysis showed that the effect size of perceived social support (r=0.31) was significantly higher than the effect size of received social support (r=0.22). Participants' age and gender or research design did not exert an influence on the relationship between social support and mental health. Theoretical implications and limitations are discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A