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ERIC Number: EJ895754
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0313-7155
Investigating Women's Ways of Knowing: An Exploratory Study in the UAE
Khine, Myint Swe; Hayes, Belinda
Issues in Educational Research, v20 n2 p105-117 2010
Personal epistemological beliefs, one's beliefs about the nature and acquisition of knowledge, and their role in the learning process have become a focus of a growing body of research in recent years. Studies show that a person's epistemological beliefs play an important role in their intellectual development as well as in learning specific subjects. The range of labels to describe personal epistemology include epistemological beliefs, reflective judgement, ways of knowing, epistemological reflection, epistemological theories, beliefs and resources. Research in personal epistemology looks into ways of knowing, focusing on the nature of knowledge and beliefs about learning. William Perry was a key early researcher in the field of epistemological beliefs. Following on from Perry's seminal work in this area, Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger and Tarule took up the study of women's epistemological beliefs. The Women's Ways of Knowing, as they describe their work, concerned "how women know what they know" and identified particular ways of knowing that women cultivated and valued, building on Perry's scheme of cognitive development by including further categories emerging from participants' reports. Women's Ways of Knowing (WWK) proposed five epistemological perspectives by which women know and view the world. These are (1) silence; (2) subjective knowing; (3) received knowing; (4) procedural knowing; and (5) constructed knowing. (Contains 1 table.)
Western Australian Institute for Educational Research Inc. 5/202 Coode Street, Como, Western Australia 6152, Australia. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Arab Emirates