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ERIC Number: EJ895607
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 90
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1076-9242
Procedural Learning and Dyslexia
Nicolson, R. I.; Fawcett, A. J.; Brookes, R. L.; Needle, J.
Dyslexia, v16 n3 p194-212 Aug 2010
Three major "neural systems", specialized for different types of information processing, are the sensory, declarative, and procedural systems. It has been proposed ("Trends Neurosci.",30(4), 135-141) that dyslexia may be attributable to impaired function in the procedural system together with intact declarative function. We provide a brief overview of the increasing evidence relating to the hypothesis, noting that the framework involves two main claims: first that "neural systems" provides a productive level of description avoiding the underspecificity of cognitive descriptions and the overspecificity of brain structural accounts; and second that a distinctive feature of procedural learning is its extended time course, covering from minutes to months. In this article, we focus on the second claim. Three studies--speeded single word reading, long-term response learning, and overnight skill consolidation--are reviewed which together provide clear evidence of difficulties in procedural learning for individuals with dyslexia, even when the tasks are outside the literacy domain. The educational implications of the results are then discussed, and in particular the potential difficulties that impaired overnight procedural consolidation would entail. It is proposed that response to intervention could be better predicted if diagnostic tests on the different forms of learning were first undertaken. (Contains 2 notes and 7 figures.)
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail: subinfo@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-DYS.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A