ERIC Number: EJ895282
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Reference Count: 12
Combat or Cooperation?
Tate, Thomas F.; Copas, Randall L.
Reclaiming Children and Youth, v18 n4 p32-36 2010
The best intentioned efforts of adults are often sabotaged by coercive climates of bullying among peers and conflict with adults. The solution is to create cultures where youth cooperate with authority and treat one another with respect. In this article, the authors stress the task of the staff to create a condition in which students see more benefit in cooperating than they do in combating staff efforts. They contend that empowering youth while still preserving adult influence requires using an "indirect approach" to guiding group interactions. Although the indirect approach is probably the most difficult thing for most staff to master, this practice is exceptionally powerful since it provides strategies to enlist young people in the process of creating a climate of where concern replaces coercion. The authors discuss the powers of an indirect approach and helping and describe how staff should view children in a strength-based philosophy. (Contains 3 endnotes.)
Descriptors: Bullying, Peer Relationship, School Culture, Cooperation, Student Behavior, Empowerment, Interpersonal Relationship, Group Dynamics, Power Structure, Democratic Values, Helping Relationship, Conflict
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A