ERIC Number: EJ894989
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 68
Spiritual Struggles and Psychological Distress: Is There a Dark Side of Religion?
Ellison, Christopher G.; Lee, Jinwoo
Social Indicators Research, v98 n3 p501-517 Sep 2010
A growing literature examines the correlates and sequelae of spiritual struggles. Particular attention has been focused on three specific types of such struggles: (a) divine, or troubled relationships with God; (b) interpersonal, or negative social encounters in religious settings; and (c) intrapsychic, or chronic religious doubting. To date, however, this literature has focused primarily on one or another type, leaving open the possibility that these are highly correlated and may tap a single, underlying dimension. Further, because studies have relied mostly on small, specialized samples, it is not clear whether the associations between spiritual struggles and psychological functioning vary across key subgroups in the US population. Using data from the 1998 NORC General Social Survey we address these issues. Findings reveal strong and independent associations between each type of spiritual struggle and psychological distress, and they also show that these patterns are robust across most population subgroups, except for variations by age and marital status. Implications, study limitations, and directions for further research are identified.
Descriptors: Religion, Religious Factors, Interpersonal Relationship, Psychological Patterns, Age Differences, Marital Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: General Social Survey